My friend is waiting for me in a restaurant in the city centre. 1. Suppose, your friend told you, “I will be here at 8 o’clock.” Now, if you want to tell that to me you should say this: she told that she would be here at 8 o’clock. You can add more speaking to the task above by sitting half the students with their backs to the video screen. Tomorrow she is going to ask her English teacher for some advice. We do not have any evidence in the present telling us what the future is going to be. Make predictions based on the evidence you are given in the sentences. © 1998-2020 Teflnet (= What's your opinion?). Instead, we should say: when I was young, I used to live in an old house. This time tomorrow I will be celebrating my birthday. Thank you so much . These are some other ways we can use “will” in English. An economist is someone who has studied economics. You’ve predicted important world events, such as the election of President Obama or the Arab Spring. Choose ‘will’ or ‘is/are going to’ to complete sentences. Read about how to make the future simple here. However, when you read a horoscope you are reading a prediction about yourself but this is not based on any evidence. A prediction is a statement that we make about the future. I am not sure if I understood what the teacher _____________ when he was explaining the present perfect continuous tense in class yesterday. 9. We can often use “will” + infinitive without “to” to refer to future events. Every day, newspapers print horoscopes telling people what will happen in their lives that day. To be able to recognize which is an imaginary situation and which one indicates the future situation is important. For the negative, we can say ‘will not’ or ‘won’t’. For instance, my car would not start today. Need more practice? We shouldn’t use state verbs with “would” to describe past habits. Download this explanation in PDF here. Example: Andrew is holding a suitcase at the airport. Want more? Fortune telling WILL. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. Short comedy sketches with little dialogue such as the Mr Bean series, Pingu, or the Wallace and Gromit films are easiest for this. Such predictions are often introduced by I think / I don't think: We hope that this blog helps you to understand the differences in meaning between these two structures and how we use them in English. Make sure that you only need to watch a short segment to find out if their predictions were right or not, for example watching just the beginning and end of a film.“would”_instead_of_“will”. Here is a proposal: Would you like to have a cup of coffee? 6. Thank you sir. The future simple is used to make predictions that are based on personal judgement, opinion or intuition, and not on present evidence. Later this afternoon you will win a lot of money on the lottery.”. I’ll live in a big house when I’m older. For this reason, I can't say: when I was young, I would live in an old house, as the verb “live” is a state verb. 9. If you give students the right kind of information or functional language when setting up other kinds of negotiations they should also use “will” to emphasize their negotiating position, using sentences like “You are right about oil prices being low now, but we are sure they will rise soon and so make plastics more expensive”. B: I know, I'm going to buy some. Prediction: A statement that we make about the future, To predict: To make a statement about the future, Weather forecaster: A man/woman who uses weather instruments to predict weather conditions. Thank you for reading our post. The restaurant opens at 19.30 tonight. Other graphs and trends activities with “will” The past/ present/ future game I may eat at McDonald’s for lunch. Here are two examples: I wish she would leave me, I wish you would be quiet for a minute. Predict the story A variation that avoids this grammar is to get students to write down predictions of what will happen during a certain period of class time, e.g. Hi! 10. Video predictions Students give some information about themselves without using a full sentence, e.g. We truly appreciate your support. Weather forecasters use this information to make their predictions about the weather. The word “will” is mainly used to express plans and things that we are certain about. Sometimes we want incidents to occur the way we like them to occur. On the other hand, smaller experiments can also have wider ramifications and allow humanity to predict and therefore avoid future events. Stop the video as something is about to happen and see if students can predict what it will be, such as what the character will see when they enter the room or who will end up killing who. Video predictions Stop the video as something is about to happen and see if students can predict what it will be, such as what the character will see when they enter the room or who will end up killing who. Usually, words, such as love, hate, prefer, like and glad are used along with “would” to describe these types of situations. A more fun alternative is to get them to bet pretend money on their predictions as a kind of stock trading game (as is included in several Business English textbooks including Business Matters). You’ll find more English grammar tips elsewhere on our site and if you’d like information on our English courses in Dublin, please do not hesitate to contact us. Situations are the key here, as it’s going to determine whether to use “will” or “would”. The student predicts what they will see once they open their eyes, e.g. To describe an imaginary situation . If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park. What is he going to do? 14. I have car keys in my bag. Rechel wouldn’t go to the doctor, even though she was in pain. We can use “will” to talk about the future. Be careful that the place where you stop the video is not a situation when there is clear physical evidence of what is going to happen such as a vase that is leaning over, as it is more natural to use “going to for predictions with present evidence” (e.g. I think the Conservatives will win the next election. She is looking for money to pay for her purchase. To illustrate, will you come in? 5. First conditional games Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb, Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb, Questions:  (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb. When you break the language down you will see that English is a very expressive language and each grammatical structure that you use communicates a very specific idea and time. I would do everything for you. Taxes are not going to increase.”. The simple present is used to make statements about events at a time later than now, when the statements are based on present facts, and when these facts are something fixed like a time-table, schedule, calendar. Also, notice that both of the sentences talk about imaginary situations. Complete sentences using idioms from this post. For example, students tell their partners their hopes, plans and arrangements for the weekend and they guess which ones which actually come off and which ones probably won’t come to fruition. Pink is her favourite colour so I think that she __________ this pink scarf that I have bought her for her birthday.